Images matter. They matter a lot. Images on magazine and book covers not only reflect what we, as a society, think is beautiful, but they seep into our individual and collective consciousness – urging us to emulate those thinner, younger, taller, richer and yes, whiter images.
Race is a critical part of the images we see. Not to say that there aren’t models or celebrities of color gracing covers and starring in movies, but rather, that standards of beauty change slowly – and not always in a more diverse or more inclusive direction.
Consider this much bru-ha-ha-ed Beyoncé album cover featuring the blonde, almost unrecognizably pale singer. Now, it is unclear if Beyoncé (or her staff, producers, etc.) made this decision purposefully to have her appear lighter than she is in real life, or if this is due to the lighting used that day on set, Photoshop, or some other factor as yet unknown. However, similar critiques have been made of a L’Oreal campaign featuring the singer.
Why should we care? Certainly, Beyoncé has a right to portray herself any way she wants, and the woman is, without a doubt, stunning whatever her skin tone. Yet, as author Yasmin Alibhai-Brown said,
“Too many black and Asian children grow up understanding the sad truth that to have dark skin is to be somehow inferior… when black celebrities appear to deny their heritage by trying to make themselves look white, I despair for the youngsters who see those images.”
Similar to ideals of extreme thinness, the whitewashing of beauty standards affects women of color in significant ways. In addition, the charged nature of skin tone isn’t a U.S.-centric issue. In South Asia, where multinational companies are hopping on the skin whitening cream market, Bollywood actress, model and former Miss Universe Aishwarya Rai Bachchan is reportedly thinking of suing Elle Magazine for lightening her skin (thanks Photoshop) and hair in a cover shot.
The issue extends from magazines to book covers as well. The whitewashing of YA book covers has received a great deal of press in recent years, most famously with Justine Larbalestier’s book Liar, which features a protagonist of color, being initially released with a white appearing girl’s face on the cover. (For several more examples, see here and here). Such decisions on the part of the publishing industry not only reinforce white beauty standards, and the assumption that stories about protagonists of color won’t sell, but send a message to young people of color that their stories don’t matter. The cumulative effect of such messages is insidious. In the words of author Zetta Elliott:
“Because I so rarely saw black characters in books when I was a child, I learned to relate to protagonists who didn’t look like me — but that doesn’t mean I couldn’t identify with their struggles, triumphs, etc. It did mean, however, that I started to erase aspects of myself when I read — I couldn’t consciously be black and read a lot of those books because then I’d realize there was no place for me in that imaginary realm. I didn’t pretend to be white, I just didn’t acknowledge my own erasure from the scenes that delighted me so much.”
Images matter. They tell us who counts. Just consider the recent photo shoot of actress Viola Davis, which has been making the Facebook rounds of many of my friends. Why? Because it features the dark-skinned actress looking stunningly fierce with a close cropped, natural hairstyle. This simple set of images hit us all like a tidal wave because they flow counter to the ideals of beauty we normally see. They legitimize a different sort of beauty, and remind us that there is room for a wide variety of bodies and skin tones and hair types in our cultural construction of attractiveness.
Whitewashing undermines the very goals of diversity. It’s more variety, more inclusivity, more ways to be beautiful that we need – not less.
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7 thoughts on “Why Are We Still Whitewashing?”
Thanks so much for your generous, thoughtful, and, yes, beautiful comment Linda!
What ponders in my mind about people like Beyonce is, can she see herself as “white washing” her own image? Or does she blindly trust those around her to make these decisions about her image? It’s obvious to me her image is being viewed more as a white women than a black woman. It’s unfortunate by doing this as a woman and person you are truly denying who you are, denying your own heritage of being black. I would just like to comment on something as I am writing this I couldn’t help but notice the two post above mine from Emily and Sayantani, both of you ladies have just remarked you were born “too dark”. I believe I know what you mean, but on the hand I ‘m not sure how to comprehend this, because as women we are all born special and very different looking. Trust me when I say I understand what you mean, because I am too with a dark complexion, but I can’t say I viewed myself as being born “too dark” but I am dark, actually two – tones in some areas and you shouldn’t either. Recently it’s been so clear to me the treatment I have gotten over the years from family and people I know about my dark skin, the comments and nick names I didn’t find funny and now I can see why I was so labeled. It’s other people who go out of their way to make us as women feel like were not acceptable because of our dark skin. I honestly like my dark skin and I have noticed how I am treated compared to those who are not, but I ‘m not going to go around feeling bad about who I am because of people’s ignorant attitudes. I have no doubt you ladies are both beautiful people inside and out, look at your dark skin as your personal trademark of beauty:-)
@Clement – well, beyond the issue of spray tans and that sort of thing, the tradition of ‘black face’ is a really problematic one, right? Actually, there was just an interesting piece in “Racialicious” about Billy Crystal doing ‘black face’ to play Sammy Davis Jr. during the Oscar telecast. Link here: http://www.racialicious.com/2012/02/29/all-things-old-hollywood-blackface-at-the-oscars/
I’d like to see what would happen if a white person tried to look darker. If it were subtle it would probably be a good thing but if any caucasian except maybe Lady Gaga tried to actually look like they were another race, they would probably be called racist.
This is insane. I saw the picture of B. and wondered who that blond chick was :(.
Thanks for your response, Emily. I too grow up “too dark” — convinced that I was not just unattractive but somehow not even potentially attractive, somehow not even female. If men reacted to me I was convinced they were making fun of me. It took a long while to realize racism and sexism don’t exist separately but hand in hand, best friends, supporting each other. It was only by naming them, recognizing them that some sense of mastery over them was possible.
I remember growing up as a child and being painfully aware that I was “too dark.” When I hit around 12 or 13, it became even more evident to me as I began reading romance novels (forgive me, I was 12!). All the female protagonists had “alabaster skin,” “skin the colour of snow,” “delicate ivory skin.” I never read about women who had skin like mine. The closest I could get was reading books with African American women in them – and those were *very* hard to find. Since I wasn’t white, and I wasn’t black, I didn’t have any examples of beauty that were even close to me. Now a feminist in my 30s, I of course understand that those types of books are filled with unattainable models of female beauty and unrealistic portrayals of the love script. But as a child it was heartbreaking, and I still carry some of that belief, in the back of my mind, that the colour of my skin will always matter.